Physical activity is not limited, but with an enlarged spleen, the patient needs to give up contact sports to avoid injury to the organ and its rupture. You should monitor your intake of iron supplements - they promote increased production of red blood cells.
Most of the causes of polycythemia do not depend on the patient’s lifestyle. However, simple recommendations will help to delay or reduce the manifestations of pathology. Polycythemia is characterized by benign development, but the pathology is sometimes accompanied by serious complications. One of them is embolism of blood vessels of vital organs (liver, lungs, heart, brain), which can provoke a stroke or infarction of internal organs. If symptoms of pathology appear, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination.
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Polycythemia vera is a rare, chronic disease in which the bone marrow overproduces red blood cells (which carry oxygen throughout the body), and in many cases also produces white blood cells (which fight infection) and platelets (which help in blood clotting). The disease disrupts the balance of these cells, which leads to many other resulting disruptions in the body. In some cases, the disease may remain stable or progress very slowly with almost no symptoms. Patients live normal lives for years without experiencing any complications such as heart attacks or strokes. However, even then, it is important to monitor your hematocrit, WBC, and platelet levels to reduce the risk of serious problems.
In rare cases, polycythemia vera can progress to myelofibrosis or acute myeloid leukemia. The symptoms associated with polycythemia are completely non-specific and are caused by imbalances of cells in the blood (thick blood) with all that it implies. The most common symptoms. Headaches, Brain fog, Extreme fatigue, Dizziness, Itching, especially after bathing or showering, Pain in limbs, Heat intolerance, Abdominal pain, Easy bruising. The disease causes poor blood flow to the arms and legs. As a result, you may be more susceptible to injury from cold, heat and pressure. Avoid prolonged exposure to extreme temperatures or pressure.
Protect your hands and feet in cold weather. Wear warm gloves, socks and shoes. Avoid extreme heat and protect yourself from the sun. Drink plenty of fluids. Avoid hot tubs, heated Jacuzzis, or hot tubs of any type. Tanning beds, sunlamps, and heat lamps can damage your skin. Beware of other conditions that can mimic polycythemia. Hypoxia due to chronic exposure to carbon monoxide, high altitude, chronic lung disease, and pulmonary artery bypass surgery. Renal failure, including renal artery stenosis, focal sclerosing glomerulonephritis and kidney transplantation. Tumors, including hypernephroma, hepatoma, and cerebellar hemangioblastoma, Medicines, such as androgenic steroids and recombinant erythropoietin, and genetic mutations in the erythropoietin receptor or rarely in the proteins that control erythropoietin production.
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Modern methods of treating the symptoms of polycythemia vera. Polycythemia vera is not completely curable, but timely treatment helps control the disease and its consequences. And the sooner a correct diagnosis is made, the sooner treatment begins, and the easier it is to prevent or delay complications. Procedures, medications and other methods are used to maintain the condition of patients. In general, treatment of polycythemia is dictated by the clinical characteristics of the individual patient. Most cases are asymptomatic or symptoms are due to thick blood or thrombocytosis. In these cases, therapy with phlebotomy for the former and aspirin taken as needed for the latter may be the only treatment needed.